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Crashing the Parties

Possibilities for radical election organizing

by Yves EnglerDru Oja Jay

Members of Montreal's Haitian community disrupt an appearance by Pierre Pettigrew in 2005
Members of Montreal's Haitian community disrupt an appearance by Pierre Pettigrew in 2005
Members of Montreal's Haitian community at confront then-foreign minister Pierre Pettigrew in 2005
Members of Montreal's Haitian community at confront then-foreign minister Pierre Pettigrew in 2005
Yves Engler shows Pierre Pettigrew human rights reports from Haiti, February 2005
Yves Engler shows Pierre Pettigrew human rights reports from Haiti, February 2005
Election season can be the worst time to be a radical. Which is to say, it's tough to be someone who believes that fundamental systemic change is needed when the parties that have our democratic imagination in a sleeper hold are sucking the air out of the living rooms of the nation pitching their tweaks to the status quo.
 
There's not much to do for those who believe in dealing with environmental destruction, colonial pillage, alienation and inequality: the fundamental features of capitalism. If you see radicals out and about during election season, they're either eating ballots or sporting a cynical grin as they wrangle volunteers at a temporary NDP campaign office for some fast cash. If they're not decrying the pitifully limited range of debate, they're probably just crying.
 
We can either join the flock of Shepherd Mulcair or assume the role of black sheep, baying from the edge of the field, but too weak to face down any wolves alone. Does it have to be this way? Is there something better? We believe so.
 
Elections can be a unique opportunity to bring up issues and assert some “radical” influence. Here's an example.
 
During the 2006 election, a small group of Haiti solidarity activists mounted a campaign to defeat then-Foreign Minister Pierre Pettigrew. Pettigrew had played a role in overthrowing Haiti’s elected government, and covering up the human rights violations and killings that followed. 
 
We didn't back a candidate; our only goal was to unseat Pettigrew. We fashioned some posters featuring Pettigrew's image with the words "WANTED FOR CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY IN HAITI". It wasn't subtle, but it had the virtue of being true, and the Minister had declined several opportunities to change course. We mustered a crew of a dozen or so activists and saturated the riding, handing out over 12,000 flyers at metro stops and on the street. We put up 2,000 posters in the riding and organized a few actions. Our message was hard to avoid.
 
We even got a little overzealous, and postered over some of Pettigrew's election signs -- a federal offense. In one instance, Pettigrew's campaign manager saw two of us and called the police. But even that hurt the Foreign Minister. We sent out a press release concerning our arrest, and were rewarded with our first coverage in two years of campaigning in the crime-obsessed tabloid paper, Journal de Montreal. A photo of our poster appeared on page five.
 
So thoroughly had we saturated the riding with our propaganda, that in the last week of the campaign, we got cocky and tried to go after Denis Coderre (who also helped the coup d'etat) in a riding further to the north.
 
When the votes were counted, Pettigrew went from holding one of the highest offices in the land to having extra time on his hands as a private citizen. His successor as the MP of Papineau? Viviane Barbot, a woman of Haitian descent running for the Bloc Quebecois. (She understandably distanced herself from our campaign early on, but the symbolism nonetheless spoke loudly.)
 
Montreal dailies La Presse and Le Devoir credited our campaign with playing a spoiler role for Pettigrew. Elections Canada paid us the compliment of sending a retired cop to investigate if we had broken any rules. (The all-volunteer campaign was well under the spending limit.)
 
It was exhilarating, even if the victory was ultimately overshadowed by a Conservative minority government. It's disappointing, but not surprising, that there have been few campaigns since that have followed anything like the "Pettigrew model".
 
Today, much of the "anyone but Harper" campaigning that's happening suffers from lowest-common denominator political messaging designed to tell people what the messengers believe people want to hear. We believe that more bold messaging and an aggressive tactical approach can both change the terms of the debate and achieve electoral outcomes. In fact, we think it's more likely to succeed in defeating sitting Conservative MPs in close ridings.
 
A few Haitians and solidarity activists pulled it off with minimal resources, but it's important to note the factors that led to success in the Pettigrew case. The riding, Papineau, is small, low income, and has a significant immigrant population, including many people of Haitian descent. It also has a number of metro stops and a vibrant commercial district, which means lots of foot traffic: high visibility for posters and easy flyering. 
 
We had a small group of highly-motivated people who agreed on the basics: that Canada orchestrated a brutal coup d'etat, and Pettigrew must go. None of us had a problem with members of the group risking tickets or arrest. Because of these factors, we were able to make our message nearly unavoidable to residents of Papineau.
 
How many people got educated about the coup d'etat, and became convinced? It's hard to know. We can imagine that the saturation provoked a few dinner table conversations. It probably shaped a lot more: it's harder to declare your support for someone when their face is on wanted posters pasted on every street corner. Our campaign coincided with a wave of revelations about Liberal scandals, which probably demoralized constituencies that would normally turn out. We helped make the decision to stay home a little easier.
 
But we don't want to undersell the accomplishment either. A Haitian woman running for the Bloc Quebecois beat a well-financed star candidate and high-ranking cabinet minister in what was historically a Liberal stronghold (it's now Justin Trudeau’s riding). We think that's enough to be able say that this kind of electoral intervention is underutilized. But for mostly obvious reasons, groups like LeadNow, Council of Canadians and Unifor are unlikely to undertake this kind of campaigning. So it's up to small, independent groups of motivated and organized people who want to set the agenda.
 
How, then, can this experience inform other situations? Here are some questions to ask. Is there a constituency for whom a key value or lived experience finds no expression in the electoral landscape? Has the incumbent candidate been centrally involved in some really bad stuff? Has their party? Have they already faced questions on the issue? What are the common areas of the riding like? What are the opportunities for postering or flyering? Door to door? Do you have a motivated crew? Have you had the requisite conversations and camaraderie to ensure that people can make decisions together?
 
Saturation, we believe, is key. To substantially impact the discussion, the message must be unavoidable for thousands of people in a sustained way. 
 
If a group was to run a campaign around the Conservative Party's climate record, could it work?
 
Imagine the climate justice movement exerting itself by flooding a few vulnerable Conservative ridings with tens of thousands of posters and leaflets denouncing Harper's climate crimes with bold messages about the millions of people whose lives have been profoundly disturbed (or worse) by climate change. Who knows what kinds of dinner table conversations that kind of campaign could inspire?
 
Tactical election interventions can leave a dent in the political landscape. And they can be fun -- the adrenaline rush and camaraderie of a campaign without the watered-down impact. That said, an election campaign on its own is still a dead end. The best interventions are going to be one stop on the way to a more distant destination.
 
This article appeared in the Faill 2015 issue of The Dominion magazine

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dru (Dru Oja Jay)
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Writer, organizer, Media Co-op co-founder. Co-author of Paved with Good Intentions and Offsetting Resistance.

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